Transition from ICE to EV
EV’s are on the horizon. No one knows how long ICE will be around. Or how soon EV’s will take over. But it is inevitable.
What wrenching skills are transferable from dealing with ICE vehicles to dealing with EV’s?
What are the parts and components from ICE that will be common on EV’s?
What parts or systems from ICE will no longer be needed on EV’s?
It is highly unlikely that this "transition" will get to the point where gasoline cars are gone in my lifetime. (All this by the way is not being driven by customer demand. Car buyers are not demanding electric cars en masse. If this change is "inevitable" it is only because it is being forced by politicians for no good reason.) I personally have no plans to ever purchase an electric car so I don't really have a pony in this race. The young guys and gals out there will have to deal with it.
Getting back to your questions, the most transferable skill from today's vehicles will be working with electronics. However dealing with them will likely be beyond the ability of the shade-tree mechanic, much as complex electronic systems are on today's ICE vehicles. If you do want to service them you'll need electrician training so you don't electrocute yourself. You won't find fuel systems, exhaust systems, cooling systems (at least not the type in ICE vehicles), starters, filters (except maybe for cabin air), or emission control systems on electric cars. You still will have body and chassis issues to deal with as they age.
All the stuff related to engine and transmission , basically all the powertrain stuff, will be gone. The AC/heat system will be completely changed. All the fluids, but the windshield washer and brake fluid, will be gone too.
I'd say the average shade tree won't be able to fool with them. I have a Cadillac ELR and other than changing the oil I won't touch anything else, it's WAY beyond my limited skills. Touch the wrong thing and that battery will send you off to the next life.
Not really a specific answer to your questions but the transfer is pretty soon in some places. Some cities in California are shooting ban new gasoline car sales in 6 years, 2027, and in the whole state by 2035.
So I'll be in Nissan Leaf taxis in college!